Aug 11,2022

Factors affecting the wear resistance of wear-resistant fabrics

The factors affecting the wear resistance of wear-resistant fabrics and clothing, the function of the fabric to resist damage under certain conditions of use, is called the wear resistance of the fabric. Shanghai Inventory Cloth Company tells you that the abrasion resistance of the fabric has a great influence on the sewing process of the fabric, the hand and the touch of the fabric. Silk fabric has excellent moisture dissipation function, so it has become the first choice for summer clothing. However, during the application process of silk clothing, due to the different use occasions, it will be affected by different external factors, gradually reducing the use value, resulting in eventually damaged. Wearing fabrics often conflict with objects that are touched around them. They are subjected to rubbing and water, temperature, soap and other objects when washing. The outerwear is exposed to sunlight when worn, and the underwear works with sweat. Some factory clothes It also acts with chemical reagents or high temperature. There are two main types of testing methods for the wear resistance of silk fabrics, namely practical wear experiments and laboratory instrument experiments. Commonly used laboratory testing equipment.


The following introduces the factors affecting the wear resistance of wear-resistant fabrics and clothing:

1. The effect of thickness

The thickness of the fabric is related to a number of parameters, so the drapability and wear resistance are different. The thicker the fabric with thicker diameter, the better the wear resistance; It is beneficial to the drape of the fabric, the thicker the fabric, the worse the drape.


2. The effect of density


The actual contact area between the fabric and the object being touched increases, the part of the stress on the contact area is reduced. The actual contact part between each yarn segment inside the fabric and the abrasive is called the support point. If the area of ​​each support point does not change much, the If there are many supporting points in the unit area of ​​the fabric, part of the stress on the contact surface of the fabric and the abrasive will be weakened, so that the degree of wear will be reduced. The wear of silk fabrics is usually caused by the barely crest of the yarn on its surface or the raised arc of the coil. The outer layer is initially, and gradually spreads inward. When some fibers constituting the yarn are worn and cracked, the fiber ends stand up, making the surface of the fabric fluffy. As the wear continues, it tells you that some fiber debris gradually disappears from the fabric surface. Falling, some fibers are drawn out from the yarn and become thinner, so the fabric becomes thinner, the quality is reduced, the structure is damaged, and holes appear. Finally, due to the decrease of the remaining strength of the fabric, when it is subjected to a sudden large external force , causing serious damage, resulting in loss of continued use value.

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